SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
January 31, 2009
TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from
Commission File Number
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
604 700 West Pender Street, Vancouver, BC V6C 1G8
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
[ X ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a small reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act
Large accelerated filer
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
[ X ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act
[ X ]
APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY
Check whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.
APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
24,369,500 common shares issued and outstanding as of January 31, 2009
PART 1 FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Our unaudited interim financial statements for the three month period ended January 31, 2009 form part of this quarterly report. They are stated in United States Dollars (US$) and are prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles.
(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)
Cash and cash equivalents
Prepaid expenses and deposit
Total Current Assets
Capital Assets, net
Oil and gas properties (Note 5)
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
Accounts payable and accrued liabilites
Loan payable (Note 6,7)
Due to a related party
Total Current Liabilities
Loan Payable (Note 7)
75,000,000 common voting shares with a par value of $0.001 per share
Issued and outstanding: 24,369,500 common shares at January 31, 2009
(24,369,500 common shares at October 31, 2008)
Additional paid-in capital
Total Stockholders Equity
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
For the quarter ended January 31, 2009 to October 31, 2007
(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)
Balance, October 31, 2007
Compensation earned for the period
per IR Marketing Agreement
Issuance of common stock per Subscription
Agreement at $.40 per share
Imputed interest for non-interest bearing
Loan to related party
Warrants issued in connection with
Comprehensive income (loss):
(Loss) for the year
Balance, October 31, 2008
Interest in connection with
Comprehensive income (loss):
Balance, January 31, 2009
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
Interim Statements of Operations
(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)
THREE MONTHS ENDED
Natural gas and oil revenue
Cost of revenue
Natural gas and oil operating costs
Write down in carrying value of oil and gas properties
Gross profit (loss)
Accounting and audit
Advertising and promotions
Bank charges and exchange loss
Consulting (note 8)
Fees and Dues
Interest expense from loan payable (note 6,7)
Legal and professional
Office and miscellaneous
(Loss) for the period before other income
Net (loss) for the year
Basic and diluted (loss) per share
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
- Basic and diluted
Interim Statements of Cash Flows
(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)
THREE MONTHS ENDED
Cash flows used in operating activities
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Foreign exchange gain / loss
Accredited interest on loan payable
Stock based compensation per IR Marketing Agreement
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
(Increase) in accounts receivable
Decrease in prepaid expenses and deposit
Increase in accounts payable
Increase in accrued liabilities
Increase in due to related party
Net cash used in operating activities
Cash flows used in investing activities
Oil and gas property acquisition and exploration costs
Net cash used in investing activities
Cash flows from financing activities
Payments of loan payable
Proceeds from loan payable
Net cash used in financing Activities
Increase (Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year
Cash and cash equivalents, end of year
NOTES TO THE INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
January 31, 2009
(Expressed in U.S. Dollars)
Basis of Presentation
The financial statements as of January 31, 2009 included herein have been prepared without audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. It is suggested that theses financial statements be read in conjunction with the October 31, 2008 audited financial statements and notes thereto.
Organization and Business
The Company was formed on December 9, 2004 under the laws of the State of Nevada and commenced operations on December 9, 2004. The Company is an independent natural gas and oil company engaged in the exploration, development and acquisition of oil and gas properties in the United States and Canada. The Companys entry into the oil and gas business began on February 3, 2005.
The Company has offices in Vancouver, BC, Canada and in Kelowna, BC, Canada.
These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. The Company has incurred an operating loss and required additional funds to maintain its operations. Managements plans in this regard are to raise equity and/or debt financing as required.
These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Companys ability to continue as a going concern. These financial statements do not include any adjustment that might result from this uncertainty.
Business Risk and Liquidity
The Company is subject to several categories of risk associated with its operating activities. Natural gas and oil exploration and production is a speculative business and involves a high degree of risk. Among the factors that have a direct bearing on the Companys prospects are uncertainties inherent in estimating natural gas and oil reserves, future hydrocarbon production and cash flows, particularly with respect to wells that have not been fully tested and with wells having limited production histories: access and cost of services and equipment; and the presence of competitors with greater financial resources and capacity.
On July 18, 2008, the Company issued common shares for a private placement which comprised of the sale of 612,500 units at the price of $0.40 per unit for total proceeds of $245,000. Each unit is comprised of one restricted share and one warrant to purchase one additional share of common stock at a price of $.60, exercisable until June 30, 2011.
In connection with the promissory notes agreement dated October 27, 2008, the Company issued a total of 1,560,000 warrants which two warrants entitle a holder to purchase a common share of the Company of which 780,000 warrants are eligible at $0.45 and 780,000 warrants are eligible at $0.90 per share and expire October 27, 2009 and October 27, 2010, respectively.
All shares and warrants issued were restricted under applicable securities rules. As at January 31, 2009, Lexaria Corp. has 24,369,500 shares issued and outstanding and 8,272,500 warrants issued and outstanding.
A summary of warrants as at January 31, 2009 is as follows:
November 9, 2009
July 17, 2009
June 30, 2011
October 27, 2009
October 27, 2010
1. Each warrant entitles a holder to purchase one common share.
2. Two warrants entitle a holder to purchase one common share.
Oil and Gas Properties
(1) Palmetto Point Project
On December 21, 2005, the Company agreed to purchase a 20% working and revenue interest in a 10 well drilling program in Mississippi owned by Griffin & Griffin Exploration for $700,000. Concurrent with signing the Company paid $220,000 and January 17, 2006 the Company paid the remaining $480,000. The Company applied the full cost method to account for its oil and gas properties and as of January 31, 2009, seven wells were found to be proved wells, and three wells were found impaired. One of the wells was impaired due to uneconomic life, and the other two wells were abandoned due to no apparent gas or oil shows present. The costs of impaired properties were added to the capitalized cost in determination of the depletion expense.
On September 22, 2006, the Company elected to participate in additional two-well program in Mississippi owned by Griffin & Griffin Exploration and paid $140,000. As of January 31, 2009, the two wells were found to be proved wells.
On June 23, 2007, the Company acquired an assignment of 10% gross working interest from a third party for $520,000 secured loan payable (See Note 7). The Company recognized $501,922 in the oil and gas property.
On October 4, 2007, the Company elected to participate in the drilling of PP F-12-3 in Mississippi by Griffin & Griffin Exploration. The Company has 30% gross working interest and paid $266,348. On July 31, 2008, the Company accrued and paid an additional cost of $127,707 for the workovers of wells PP F-12 and PP F-12-3. PP F-12 has started limited production from October 2007, and PP F-12-3 has started limited production from November 2007. On January 31, 2009, the Company accrued and paid an additional $61,099 for the workovers of wells PP F-12 and PP F12-3.
(2) Mississippi and Louisiana, Frio-Wilcox Project
In December 2006, the first well CMR-US 39-14 was found to have sufficient hydrocarbons to become economic. USA 1-37 and BR F-33 have started production from November 2007. The Company applied the full cost method to account for its oil and gas properties.
As at January 31, 2007, the Company abandoned Dixon #1 due to no economic hydrocarbons being present and $162,420 of drilling costs was added to the capitalized costs. The Dixon #1 was the only Wilcox well the Company has drilled to date. Every other well it has participated in located in Mississippi and Louisiana is a Frio well.
On June 2, 2007, the Company abandoned Randall #1 and $107,672 drilling costs was added to the capitalized costs in determination of depletion expense.
During August to October 2007, three additional wells, PP F-90, PP F-100, and PP F-111 were drilled in the area. These Frio wells were abandoned due to modest gas shows and a total of $306,562 drilling costs was added to the capitalized costs in determination of depletion expense.
During December 2007, two additional wells, PP F-6A and PP F-83, were drilled and were plugged and abandoned due to non-economic gas shows. A total of $247,086 drilling costs was added to the capitalized costs in determination of depletion expense.
(3) Owl Creek Prospect, Oklahoma, USA
The Company elected to participate in Isbill #1-36 on August 3, 2006. Isbill #1-36 was abandoned on September 11, 2006, and costs amounted to $35,174 was added to capitalized cost in determination of depletion expenses.
On January 25, 2007, the Company elected to participate in Isbill #2-36 and made accumulated expenditures of $75,651. Isbill #2-36 has started production from April 2007.
On October 10, 2007, the Company elected to participate in the drilling of Powell #3-25 and paid $31,211. On November 9, 2007, Powell #3-25 was plugged and abandoned. Drilling costs were added to the capitalized costs in determination of depletion expense.
On August 16, 2008, the Company signed an Assignment of Working Interest and Bill of Sale for its interest of Owl Creek Prospects and Isbill #2-36. On September 9, 2008, the Company received formal documentation and the Companys portion for the above noted sale in the amount of $206,021.
October 31, 2008
Depletion for the period
Write down in Carrying Value
January 31, 2009
U.S.A. Proved property
October 31, 2008
Cost added to capitalized cost/write down
January 31, 2009
(1) Strachan Leduc Reef, Alberta, Canada
On September 23, 2005, the Company entered into an agreement to participate in the Strachan Leduc Reef Farm-In in Alberta, Canada. The Company issued a payment of $218,739. (CDN $253,977) for a
4% participation in the costs of Strachan Leduc Reef Farm-In. In addition, the Company incurred $186,668 for required supplemental funds due to well hole problems. The Company will earn on completion, capped or abandoned with respect to the well to be drilled at 14 of 9-38-9-W5M the following:
In the Spacing Unit for the Earning Well:
A 2.000% interest in the petroleum and natural gas below the base of the Mannville excluding natural gas in the formation; and
A 4.000% interest in the natural gas in the Leduc formation before payout subject to payment of the Overriding Royalty which is convertible upon payout at royalty owners option to 50% of the Farmees Interest;
A 1.600% interest in the rights below the base of the Shunda formation in Section 10, Township 38, Range 9W5M; and
A 1.289% interest in the rights below the base of the Shunda formation in Sections 15 and 16, Township 38, Range 9W5M down to the base as shown in the schedule attached to the agreement dated September 23, 2005.
The Company wrote down the cost of the property to a nominal value of $1 as the future realization of the property is uncertain in fiscal year 2008.
Owl Creek Prospect, Oklahoma, USA
On August 3, 2006, the Company agreed to purchase a 7.5% working interest in the Owl Creek Prospect for the purchase price of $100,000. This agreement include the right to participate at a 7.5% working interest in all future wells drilled on a total of 1,080 acres surrounding the Powell #1 and #2, but does not include dry hole or completion costs of the future wells. In addition, the Company has the right to participate in any Areas of Mutual Interest that may be acquired by the Owl Creek Prospect participants.
The Company disposed its interest in Owl Creek Prospects along with its interest in Isbill #2-36 for a total of $206,021 in 2008.
(3) Mississippi and Louisiana, USA
The Company entered into an Agreement to acquire a working interest in multiple zones of potential oil and gas production in Mississippi and Louisiana. This Agreement contemplates up to a 50 well drill program for Wilcox and Frio wells, at the Companys option, within the defined area of mutual interest (AMI). The AMI includes over 200,000 gross acres located contiguously between Southwest Mississippi and North East Louisiana.
The Company originally agreed to pay 40% of all prospect fees, mineral leases, surface leases, and drilling and completion costs to earn a net 32% of all production from all producible zones to the base of the Frio formation (Frio Targets); and, 30% of all production to the base of the Wilcox formation (Wilcox Targets). All working interests will be registered in the name of Lexaria Corp.
The Joint Participation Agreement and Joint Lands Agreements are between Lexaria Corp. and Griffin & Griffin Exploration LLC (G&G) of Jackson, Mississippi.
On June 21, 2007, the Company acquired an additional 10% from a third party for all rights, title and benefits excluding the seven wells drilled under the AMI Agreement between August 3, 2006 and June 19, 2007, specifically wells CMR-USA-39-14, Dixon #1, Faust #1 TEC F-1, CMR/BR F-14, RB F-1 Red Bug #2, BR F-33, and Randall #1 F-4, and any offset wells that could be drilled to any of these specified wells.
On July 26, 2007, the Company acquired 5% from a third party for all rights, title and benefits in the seven wells drilled under the AMI Agreement between August 3, 2006 and June 19, 2007, specifically wells CMR-USA-39-14, Dixon #1, Faust #1 TEC F-1, CMR/BR F-14, RB F-1 Red Bug #2, BR F-33, and Randall #1 F-4, and any offset wells that could be drilled to any of these specified wells.
(C) Option Agreement
On April 17, 2008, the Company entered into an option purchase agreement with John and Gwen Deakle for a non-refundable of $25,000 (paid). Pursuant to the option agreement, the Company has the exclusive right and option to purchase on the terms and conditions set forth in the agreement all of the right, title and interest of every kind and nature set forth and established in that certain operating agreement dated January 5, 2006 between G&G, Chris Bunka, John Deakle, Bud Enterprises Ltd, Stuart Gray and Lexaria Corp., covering the joint development as defined in Section I of said agreement, being a 50% working interest in those certain oil and gas fields commonly known as Palmetto Point and Belmont Lake. The purchase will include the total current 13 existing wells and lease associated with those 13 wells and all potential future wells drilled on any of these leases are included in this Option Agreement and defined as: F-40, F-118, F-121, F-7, F-39, F-42, F-36-2, F-4, F-29, F-12-1, F-6B, F-52A and F-12-3. The option is irrevocable for a period of 60 days from the date hereof and the purchase price is US$4,500,000 at the time the option is exercised.
On June 2, 2008, the option agreement was amended to provide until June 30, 2008 to close the proposed transaction; for the Company to pay an additional $25,000 non-refundable deposit; and to adjust the total purchase price to US $4,689,000 at the time the option is exercised.
The amended option agreement has since expired. As at the current date, the above option agreement has not yet been completed.
(a) Unsecured loan agreement
On November 13, 2007, the Company made an unsecured loan agreement in the amount of $250,000 with C.A.B. Financial Services Ltd. (CAB). CAB is owned by the president of the Company. The Maturity Date of the loan repayment will be the first annual anniversary of the date of the Loan Agreement. Interest will be 16.8% simple interest per annum and will be calculated and payable monthly in arrears. This interest payment is $3,500 per month. This loan was terminated on October 27, 2008 and repaid with a cash of $19,737 and issuance of promissory note CDN$300,000. (Note 7)
On November 14, 2007, the Company made an unsecured loan agreement in the amount of CAD$250,000 with G K Braun Limited. The Maturity Date of the loan repayment will be the first annual anniversary of the date of the Loan Agreement. Interest will be 16.8% simple interest per annum and will be calculated and payable monthly in arrears. This interest payment is CAD$3,500 per month. This loan was paid in full on November 14, 2008.
(b) Demand loan agreement
On March 20, 2007, the Company made a demand loan agreement in the amount of $50,000 with C.A.B. Financial Services Ltd. (CAB). CAB is owned by the president of the Company. The loan was unsecured and nil interest bearing and repayable on demand.
On October 27, 2008 this demand loan was repaid in full.
(c)Unsecured loan agreement
On May 14, 2008, the Company made an unsecured loan agreement in the amount of US$62,000 with Christopher Bunka with no set principal payments for one year. Interest will be 16.8% simple interest per annum and will be calculated and payable monthly in arrears. The interest payment is US$868 per month.
On October 27, 2008, this loan was terminated and repaid with a cash of $14,367 with the remaining balance (CDN$62,000) settled for part of promissory note issued (CDN$400,000). (Note 7)
On May 14, 2008, the Company made an unsecured loan agreement in the amount of US$62,000 with a Lender with no set principal payments for one year. Interest will be 16.8% simple interest per annum and will be calculated and payable monthly in arrears. The interest payment is US$868 per month.
(d)Unsecured loan agreement
On June 3, 2008, the Company made an unsecured loan agreement in the amount of CAD$50,000 with a Lender. The Maturity Date of the loan repayment will be the first annual anniversary of the date of the Loan Agreement. Interest will be 16.8% simple interest per annum and will be calculated and payable monthly in arrears. The interest payment was CAD$700 per month.
On October 27, 2008 this loan was terminated and rolled into and form part of promissory note issued (CDN$200,000). (Note 7)
Secured loan payable
On June 23, 2007, the Company acquired an assignment of 10% gross working interest of a Drilling Program from 0743868 B.C. Ltd (0743868) for $520,000. The payment schedule is as follows: On or before July 15, 2007, the Company shall pay to 0743868 the sum of $50,000; and, on or before the 15th day of each subsequent month, the Company shall pay to 0743868 the sum of $50,000 for ten consecutive months; and then a final payment of $20,000 on the eleventh payment date until such time as the entire $520,000 has been paid. If any payment less than the total amount is made and if the Company has not within 30 days of such partial payment being made completed the payments then due, then the pro-rata portion of the contemplated rights and interests will be deemed to have been properly purchased, but the pro-rata unpaid balance of the contemplated rights and interests shall revert back to 0743868.
The Company calculated the net present value of the secured loan payable by applying 8% interest rate, which was based on a T-bill rate of 4.28% plus a risk premium. The net present value of the secured loan payable on June 23, 2007 was $501,922. The Company had made total of $350,000 repayment and accrued $18,016 interest expense since June 23, 2007 with ending balance of $169,938 as at April 30, 2008.
On May 13, 2008 the Company entered into an Assignment of Debt between 0743868 BC Ltd. (the Assignor) and the President and shareholder of the Company (collectively the Assignees). The Assignor has agreed to accept US$46,000 from the Company in satisfaction of the outstanding amount and has agreed to assign the Assignees all of the Assignors right, title and interest in and to the US$124,000 balance of the outstanding amount. As a result, the Assignor no longer has any claim against the Company.
On May 14, 2008 the Company entered into an unsecured Loan Agreement with each of the President and a shareholder of the Company for $62,000. The purpose of this Loan Agreement is to set out terms of the arrangement by which the Company agrees to make a Loan of US$124,000 at an interest rate of 16.8% and no set principal payments for one year available to the Company. The purpose of the Loan Agreement is to provide the Company with capital funds for oil and gas exploration and/or general corporate purposes. On October 27, 2008, the loan to the President in the amount of US$62,000 was terminated.
On October 27, 2008 the Company entered into a Purchase Agreement in the amount of CDN$900,000 of Notes being purchased by the President (CND$400,000), the Presidents wholly-owned company (CDN$300,000) and a shareholder (CDN$200,000) of the Company (Purchasers). The Purchasers agreed to purchase an 18% interest bearing Promissory Note of the Company subject to and upon the terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement. The Companys obligations to repay the Promissory Note will be secured by certain specified assets of the Company pursuant to a Security Agreement. As long as the Promissory Note is outstanding, the Purchasers may voluntarily convert the Promissory Note to Common Shares at the conversion price of $.45 per share of Common Stock. The Promissory Note matures on October 27, 2010 or by mutual agreement by all parties on October 27, 2009.
In connection with the Purchase Agreement, the Company issued a total of 1,560,000 warrants which two warrants entitle a holder to purchase a common share of the Company of which 780,000 warrants are eligible at $0.45 and 780,000 warrants are eligible at $0.90 per share and expire October 27, 2009 and October 27, 2010, respectively.
The Company did not incur beneficiary conversion charge as the conversion price is greater than the fair value of the Companys equity.
As at the date of the issuance of the above noted Promissory Note, the Company allocated CAD $21,321 and CAD $683,559 to warrants (additional paid-in capital) and Promissory Note based on their relatively fair value. On October 31, 2008, the allocated Promissory Note was revalued as $723,857 based the effective interest rate of 20% per annum and related foreign exchange rate.
Related Party Transactions
During the period ended January 31, 2009, the Company paid CAB Financial Services (CAB) $29,364 (2008: $7,500) and RMA Resource Management Associates (RMA) $7,500 (2008: $7,500) for management, accounting, and consulting services. CAB is owned by the president of the Company and RMA is owned by the vice president of the Company.
The related party transactions are recorded at the exchange amount established and agreed to between the related parties.
On October 27, 2008 the Company made a secured loan agreement in the amount of CDN$300,000 with CAB Financial Services Ltd. (See Note 7). For the period ended, January 31, 2009, the Company accrued and paid interest expenses of CDN$ 13,500.
On October 27, 2008 the Company made a secured loan agreement in the amount of CDN$400,000 with Christopher Bunka. (See Note 7). For the period ended, January 31, 2009, the Company accrued and paid interest expenses of CDN$18,000.
A summary of the stock options for the quarter ended January 31, 2009 is presented below:
Number of Shares
Balance, October 31, 2008
Balance, January 31, 2009
The Company has the following options outstanding and exercisable.
January 31, 2009
Options outstanding and exercisable
Commitments and Significant Contracts
On October 26, 2006 the Company entered into a management service agreement with Mr. MacMillan for consulting services for Mr. MacMillan to act as the vice president of the Company. The consideration is $2,500 per month. The terms of the agreement were not specified and may be terminated by either party upon thirty days written notice to each other.
On September 1, 2008, the Company entered into a Controller Agreement with CAB Financial Services Ltd. for accounting and controller services of CAB on a continuing basis for a consideration of CAD$4,500 per month.
On November 27, 2008, the Company entered into a Consulting Agreement with CAB Financial Services Ltd. for consulting services of CAB on a continuing basis for a consideration of US$8,000 per month.
See Note 8 (a).
On February 20, 2009, the Company agreed to grant a total of 800,000 stock options to the directors and consultants of the Company with an exercise price of $0.12 per share.
Item 2. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as "may", "should", "expects", "plans", "anticipates", "believes", "estimates", "predicts", "potential" or "continue" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including the risks in the section entitled "Risk Factors", that may cause our or our industry's actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.
Our unaudited interim financial statements are stated in United States Dollars (US$) and are prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this quarterly report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below and elsewhere in this quarterly report, particularly in the section entitled "Risk Factors" of this quarterly report.
In this quarterly report, unless otherwise specified, all dollar amounts are expressed in United States dollars. All references to "CDN$" refer to Canadian dollars and all references to "common shares" refer to the common shares in our capital stock.
As used in this quarterly report, the terms "we", "us", "our" and "Company" mean Company and/or our subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated.
Lexaria Corp. is an oil and gas company engaged in developing and exploring oil and natural gas in North America.
Strains on the World economic system have resulted in sharply lower energy prices on the conventional energy supply side. In the medium term, management believes that its interests in, and continued development of, opportunities in conventional oil and gas have a high probability of building shareholder value. These opportunities and others that the Company is evaluating from time to time should provide good opportunities for growth.
Due to the implementation of British Columbia Instrument 51-509 on September 30, 2008 by the British Columbia Securities Commission, we have been deemed to be a British Columbia based reporting issuer. As such, we are required to file certain information and documents at www.sedar.com.
Our Current Business
We are a Nevada corporation incorporated on December 9, 2004. We are an oil and gas company engaged in the exploration for oil and natural gas in Canada and the United States. We are currently generating revenues from our business operations in Mississippi. We have acquired the right to explore the Strachan Hills oil and gas property in Alberta Canada and assumed a working interest in the Owl Creek Prospect, Oklahoma and the Palmetto Point and other oil and gas properties in Mississippi USA. We sold our working interest in Oklahoma in August 2008. Our detailed business plan is discussed herein.
Our business plan does not anticipate that we will hire a large number of employees or that we will require extensive office space. We have to date, and plan to continue to acquire most of the industry and geological expertise we require through third party contractual relationships with other companies, which will act as operators of our various interests. Although this exposes us to certain risks on behalf of those operators, it also allows us to participate in the often unique experience and knowledge that local persons have related to certain properties. We plan to continue our current business of acquiring interests in potentially high-impact oil and gas property interests that offer a high probability of being able to drill without significant time delays. In our North American interests, we also try to choose properties where, if drilling is successful, the wells could be quickly connected to infrastructure and thus, with success, brought into production and able to generate cash flow as quickly as possible.
We have acquired an interest in a property located 80 miles northwest of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. On September 23, 2005, we signed an agreement to participate in a 13,330 foot drill program. As to date, our Company has paid $405,407 for a 4% gross interest to participate in any oil and gas produced (before recovery of the costs of the drill program), reducing to a 2% interest after recovery of the drilling costs. The property is reached by traveling 100 miles north from the city of Calgary on Highway #22, and is approximately a one-half hour drive past the town of Rocky Mountain House.
Drilling of this well has been completed and some evaluation has been completed. The well appears to be noncommercial and it is possible that we could abandon our interest in this well. In fiscal year 2008, the Company wrote down the cost of the property to a nominal value of $1 as the future realization of the property is uncertain.
As of January 31, 2009, we currently own a 30% gross working interest in 12 wells; a 45% gross working interest in 7 wells; and a 50% gross working interest in 43 wells (of which 38 remain to be drilled); all located in Mississippi under various agreements with Griffin and Griffin Exploration, L.L.C. Additional details of these interests are noted below.
We entered into a 10-hole drilling program agreement (the Griffin Drilling Program Agreement) with Griffin and Griffin Exploration, L.L.C. (Griffin) dated December 21, 2005, whereby we acquired a 20% gross interest in any oil and gas produced, in a 10-well drilling program (the Drilling Program), to be carried out at Palmetto Point, Southwest Mississippi. Palmetto Point is approximately 150 miles southwest of Jackson, Mississippi and approximately 50 miles north/northwest of Baton Rouge, Louisiana. It is 30 miles west of Woodville, Mississippi off of State Highway 33.
By January 17, 2006, we paid $700,000 to Griffin, which represented the full cost of our companys 20% working interest in the Drilling Program. There were no further costs to our company in earning its interest, including well development costs or pipeline connections. Griffin has agreed that the leases held by it covering any mineral estate underlying the applicable well site acreage shall not provide for more than twenty-five (25%) percent royalty and overriding royalty interest. Our net interest in any oil and gas produced is calculated by subtracting the applicable royalties from our 20% gross interest. Consequently, our original net working interest in the drilling program was a minimum fifteen (15%) percent net working interest. Griffin conducted the Drilling Program in its capacity as Operator. We subsequently increased our participation under this program by spending $140,000 to earn the same 20% interest in 2 additional wells 12 wells total and all drilled - and we subsequently increased our gross interest to 30% in these 12 wells, or a net working interest of 22.5%. The status of these wells is as follows as at January 31, 2009:
Phase I Palmetto Point 30% gross interest
Frio Gas; 12 ft.
Frio Gas; 14 ft.
Plug & abandon
Plug & abandon
Frio Gas/Oil; 12 ft.
Frio Gas/Oil; 10 ft.
Frio Gas; 8 ft.
Frio Gas; 8 ft.
PP F- 29
Frio Gas; 37 ft.
Frio Gas; 3 ft.
On August 3, 2006, we entered into our Phase II agreement with Griffin and Griffin Exploration LLC, which covers an Area of Mutual Interest (AMI) exclusive to the participants, which includes 50 prospects for drilling of wells to depths sufficient to test prospectively producible hydrocarbons from the top of the Frio Formation to the bottom of the Wilcox Formation. From these 50 prospects, Griffin and Griffin and the participants will select all drill locations. We had contracted to assume a 40% gross interest in this AMI, meaning we were obligated to pay 40% of costs related to licensing, permitting, drilling, completion and all other related costs. This 50-well AMI is intended to be drilled in several stages. Lexarias pro rate share of the first stage had a total cost $1.6 million. As of October 31 2007, our company had placed $1,600,000 in trust to completely fund this initial commitment. During the drill program, an unrelated third party participant elected not to continue their participation in the program, and we assumed our pro-rata portion of their 10% gross working interest as our own, at no additional cost, bringing our total gross working interest in these seven wells and their leases, to 45%.
The first of these 7 wells was successfully drilled and completed and entered into production. The second well in this Phase II program targeted the Wilcox formation, did not encounter commercially viable quantities of hydrocarbons, and was plugged and abandoned, with total costs associated with this well of $162,420. All 7 of these wells have now been drilled, with results as follows:
Phase II 45% gross interest
Frio Gas 14 ft.
Wilcox Target; Dry
Plug & abandon
Frio Gas 9 ft
Frio Gas 10 ft
Frio Gas 12 ft
Frio Target: Dry
Plug & abandon
Phase III 50% gross interest
As of January 31, 2008, five additional wells were drilled under the 50-well AMI. Each of these wells encountered non commercial quantities of hydrocarbons and were plugged and abandoned. There are 38 wells remaining to be drilled under the terms of the 50-well AMI as of January 31, 2009.
After a well has been drilled and completed and enters into production, we are responsible for paying our share of production and operations costs. As a matter of course, we will have to pay pipeline transmission costs if and when each well starts transporting natural gas or oil.
The continuation of our business is dependent upon obtaining further financing, a successful program of exploration and/or development, and, finally, achieving a profitable level of operations. The issuance of additional equity securities by us could result in a significant dilution in the equity interests of our current stockholders. Obtaining commercial loans, assuming those loans would be available, will increase our liabilities and future cash commitments.
There are no assurances that we will be able to obtain further funds required for our continued operations. As noted herein, we are pursuing various financing alternatives to meet our immediate and long-term financial requirements. There can be no assurance that additional financing will be available to us when needed or, if available, that it can be obtained on commercially reasonable terms. If we are not able to obtain the additional financing on a timely basis, we will be unable to conduct our operations as planned, and we will not be able to meet our other obligations as they become due. In such event, we will be forced to scale down or perhaps even cease our operations.
Purchase of Significant Equipment
We do not intend to purchase any significant equipment (excluding oil and gas activities) over the twelve months other than office computers, furnishings, and communication equipment as required.
We maintain our principal executive offices at Suite 604, 700 West Pender Street, Vancouver British Columbia V6C 1G8. Our telephone number is (604) 602-1675. We rent our principal executive offices on a month to month basis from Hurricane Corporate Services at $1,000 per month, commencing the 1st day of April 18, 2006. Our executive
offices are comprised of one office and we share reception and boardroom facilities. We have another office in Kelowna, BC. Management does not believe that our office space will need to be expanded during 2009.
We primarily used the services of sub-contractors and consultants for manual labour exploration work and drilling on our properties. All executive services are provided through management agreements, and not through direct employment.
We do not expect any material changes in the number of employees over the next 12 month period. We do and will continue to outsource contract employment as needed. However, with project advancement and if we are successful in our initial and any subsequent drilling programs we may retain additional employees.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no significant off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to stockholders.
Critical Accounting Policies
Our financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles used in the United States. Preparing financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are affected by management's application of accounting policies. We believe that understanding the basis and nature of the estimates and assumptions involved with the following aspects of our financial statements is critical to an understanding of our financials.
Oil and Gas Properties
We utilize the full cost method to account for our investment in oil and gas properties. Accordingly, all costs associated with acquisition, exploration and development of oil and gas reserves, including such costs as leasehold acquisition costs, capitalized interest costs relating to unproved properties, geological expenditures, and tangible and intangible development costs including direct internal costs are capitalized to the full cost pool. As of January 31, 2009, we have properties with proven reserves and production and sales from these reserves has commenced. Capitalized costs, including estimated future costs to develop the reserves and estimated abandonment costs, net of salvage, are being depleted on the units-of-production method using estimates of the proved reserves. Investments in unproved properties and major development projects including capitalized interest, if any, are not depleted until proved reserves associated with the projects can be determined. If the future exploration of unproved properties are determined uneconomical the amount of such properties are added to the capitalized cost to be depleted. At January 31, 2009, management believes none of our unproved oil and gas properties were considered impaired other than as previously reported.
The capitalized costs included in the full cost pool are subject to a "ceiling test", which limits such costs to the aggregate of the estimated present value, using a ten percent discount rate, of the future net revenues from proved reserves, based on current economic and operating conditions plus the lower of cost and estimated net realizable value of unproven properties.
Sales of proved and unproved properties are accounted for as adjustments of capitalized costs with no gain or loss recognized, unless such adjustments would significantly alter the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves of oil and gas, in which case the gain or loss is recognized in the statement of operations.
In accordance with SFAS No. 144, Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets", the carrying value of intangible assets and other long-lived assets is reviewed on a regular basis for the existence of facts or circumstances that may suggest impairment. We recognize impairment when the sum of the expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. Impairment losses, if any, are measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its estimated fair value.
Oil and natural gas revenues are recorded using the sales method whereby our Company recognizes oil and natural gas revenue based on the amount of oil and gas sold to purchasers when title passes, the amount is determinable and collection is reasonably assured. Actual sales of gas are based on sales, net of the associated volume charges for processing fees and for costs associated with delivery, transportation, marketing, and royalties in accordance with industry standards. Operating costs and taxes are recognized in the same period of which revenue is earned.
We have suffered recurring losses from operations. The continuation of our Company as a going concern is dependent upon our Company attaining and maintaining profitable operations and/or raising additional capital. The financial statements do not include any adjustment relating to the recovery and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amount and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should our Company discontinue operations.
The continuation of our business is dependent upon us raising additional financial support and/or attaining and maintaining profitable levels of internally generated revenue. The issuance of additional equity securities by us could result in a significant dilution in the equity interests of our current stockholders. Obtaining commercial loans, assuming those loans would be available, will increase our liabilities and future cash commitments.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In October 2008, the FASB issued FSP FAS 157-3, Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for That Asset Is Not Active, which addresses the application of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No.157 for illiquid financial instruments. FSP FAS 157-3 clarifies that approaches to determining fair value other than the market approach may be appropriate when the market for a financial asset is not active. The Company does not expect the adoption of FSP FAS 157-3 to have a material effect on the Companys financial statements.
In June 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FSP EITF 03-6-1, Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions are Participating Securities. FSP EITF 03-6-1 addresses whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities prior to vesting and affects entities that accrue cash dividends on share-based payment awards during the awards service period when the dividends do not need to be returned if the employees forfeit the awards. FSP EITF 03-6-1 states that all outstanding unvested share-based payment awards that contain rights to nonforfeitable dividends participate in undistributed earnings with common shareholders and, therefore, need to be included in the earnings allocation in computing earnings per share under the two-class method. FSP EITF 03-6-1 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not expect the adoption of FSP EITF 03-6-1 to have a material impact on its financial statements.
In May 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued SFAS No. 163, Accounting for Financial Guarantee Insurance Contracts An interpretation of FASB Statement No. 60. SFAS 163 requires that an insurance enterprise recognize a claim liability prior to an event of default when there is evidence that credit deterioration has occurred in an insured financial obligation. It also clarifies how Statement 60 applies to financial guarantee insurance contracts, including the recognition and measurement to be used to account for premium revenue and claim liabilities, and requires expanded disclosures about financial guarantee insurance contracts. It is
effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, except for some disclosures about the insurance enterprises risk-management activities. SFAS 163 requires that disclosures about the risk-management activities of the insurance enterprise be effective for the first period beginning after issuance. Except for those disclosures, earlier application is not permitted. The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Companys financial statements.
In May 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 162, The Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. SFAS 162 identifies the sources of accounting principles and the framework for selecting the principles to be used in the preparation of financial statements of nongovernmental entities that are presented in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. It is effective 60 days following the SECs approval of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board amendments to AU Section 411, The Meaning of Present Fairly in Conformity With Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Companys financial statements.
In March 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued SFAS No. 161, Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities an amendment to FASB Statement No. 133. SFAS No. 161 is intended to improve financial standards for derivative instruments and hedging activities by requiring enhanced disclosures to enable investors to better understand their effects on an entity's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Entities are required to provide enhanced disclosures about: (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments; (b) how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for under Statement 133 and its related interpretations; and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entitys financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. It is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008, with early adoption encouraged. The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Companys financial statements.
In December 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued SFAS No. 141R, Business Combinations. This statement replaces SFAS 141 and defines the acquirer in a business combination as the entity that obtains control of one or more businesses in a business combination and establishes the acquisition date as the date that the acquirer achieves control. SFAS 141R requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any non-controlling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair values as of that date. SFAS 141R also requires the acquirer to recognize contingent consideration at the acquisition date, measured at its fair value at that date. This statement is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's financial statements.
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, Non-controlling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements Liabilities an Amendment of ARB No. 51. This statement amends ARB 51 to establish accounting and reporting standards for the Non-controlling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. This statement is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The adoption of this statement is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's future reported financial position or results of operations.
Results of Operations Three Months Ended January 31, 2009 and 2008
The following summary of our results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements for the quarter ended January 31, 2009, which are included herein.
Our operating results for the three months ended January 31, 2009, for the three months ended January 31, 2008 and the changes between those periods for the respective items are summarized as follows:
Three Months Ended January 31,
General and administrative
Impairment loss on oil and gas properties
Oil and gas operating expenses
Our accumulated losses increased to $2,781,216 as of January 31, 2009. Our financial statements report a net loss of $162,859 for the three month period ended January 31, 2009 compared to a net loss of $65,820 for the three month period ended January 31, 2008. Our losses have increased primarily as a result of a decrease in the price of oil and gas and reduced amounts of oil and gas being drilled, as well as an increase in interest expenses. There has been a decrease in our general and administrative expenses, specially a decrease accounting and legal fees. The Company also recognized depletion of its capitalized oil and gas expenditures of $128,673 during the three months ended January 31, 2009, compared to $140,253 for the three months ended January 31, 2008.
Our total liabilities as of January 31, 2009 were $790,819 as compared to total liabilities of $1,000,832 as of October 31, 2008. The decrease was due to a repayment of a loan payable that came due on November 14, 2008.
Liquidity and Financial Condition
Three Months Ended
Cash flows (used in) operating activities
Cash flows (used in) investing activities
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
Net cash used in operating activities was $64,735 in the three months ended January 31, 2009 compared with net cash provided by operating activities of $17,802 in the same period in 2008. This difference was largely due to a lower net loss due in part to lower oil and gas prices, large receivable and payable in 2008.
Net cash used in investing activities was $36,099 in the three months ended January 31, 2009 compared to net cash used in investing activities was $506,210 in the same period in 2008. The decrease in use of cash of in investing activities is mainly attributable to a decrease in oil and gas property exploration and development costs.
Net cash used in financing activities was $204,000 in the three months ended January 31, 2009 compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $512,775 in the same period in 2008. This is attributable to the payment of a short term loan on November 14, 2008 as well there was a loan made to the Company in the first quarter of January 31, 2008.
Oil and gas sales volume comparisons for the Quarter ended January 31, 2009 compared to the quarter ended January 31, 2008
For the three-month period ended January 31, 2009, the Company had $129,258 in revenues compared to$354,340 in revenues for the same three-month period in the prior year. The decrease in revenues is largely attributed to lower production and the reduced price of oil and gas due to global economic events.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our president (also our principal executive officer) and our secretary, treasurer and chief financial officer (also our principal financial and accounting officer) to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
As of January 31, 2009, the end of our first quarter covered by this report, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our president (also our principal executive officer) and our secretary, treasurer and chief financial officer (also our principal financial and accounting officer), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on the foregoing, our president (also our principal executive officer) and our secretary, treasurer and chief financial officer (also our principal financial and accounting officer) concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in providing reasonable assurance in the reliability of our financial reports as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report.
Inherent limitations on effectiveness of controls
Internal control over financial reporting has inherent limitations which include but is not limited to the use of independent professionals for advice and guidance, interpretation of existing and/or changing rules and principles, segregation of management duties, scale of organization, and personnel factors. Internal control over financial reporting is a process which involves human diligence and compliance and is subject to lapses in judgement and breakdowns resulting from human failures. Internal control over financial reporting also can be circumvented by collusion or improper management override. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements on a timely basis, however these inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process and it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce, though not eliminate, this risk. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Projections of any evaluation of
effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There have been no significant changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended January 31, 2009 that have materially or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.
We know of no material, existing or pending legal proceedings against our company, nor are we involved as a plaintiff in any material proceeding or pending litigation. There are no proceedings in which any of our directors, executive officers or affiliates, or any registered or beneficial stockholder, is an adverse party or has a material interest adverse to our interest.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Much of the information included in this quarterly report includes or is based upon estimates, projections or other "forward looking statements". Such forward looking statements include any projections or estimates made by us and our management in connection with our business operations. While these forward-looking statements, and any assumptions upon which they are based, are made in good faith and reflect our current judgment regarding the direction of our business, actual results will almost always vary, sometimes materially, from any estimates, predictions, projections, assumptions or other future performance suggested herein.
Such estimates, projections or other "forward looking statements" involve various risks and uncertainties as outlined below. We caution the reader that important factors in some cases have affected and, in the future, could materially affect actual results and cause actual results to differ materially from the results expressed in any such estimates, projections or other "forward looking statements".
Prospective investors should consider carefully the risk factors set out below.
We have had negative cash flows from operations.
To date we have had negative cash flows from operations and we have been dependent on sales of our equity securities and debt financing to meet our cash requirements and have incurred losses totaling approximately $162,859 for the three month period ending January 31, 2009, and cumulative losses of $2,781,216 to January 31, 2009. As of January 31, 2009 we had working capital of 392,473 as a result of past financing activities. We do expect positive cash flow from operations in the near term; however there is no assurance that actual cash requirements will not exceed our estimates, or that our sales projections will be realized as estimated. In particular, additional capital may be required in the event that:
- drilling and completion costs for further wells increase beyond our expectations; or
- commodity prices for our production decline beyond our expectations; or
- production levels do not meet our expectations; or
- we encounter greater costs associated with general and administrative expenses or offering costs.
The occurrence of any of the aforementioned events could adversely affect our ability to meet our business plans.
We will depend almost exclusively on outside capital to pay for the continued exploration and development of our properties. Such outside capital may include the sale of additional stock and/or commercial borrowing. Capital may not continue to be available if necessary to meet these continuing development costs or, if the capital is available, that it will be on terms acceptable to us. The issuance of additional equity securities by us would result in a significant dilution in the equity interests of our current stockholders. Obtaining commercial loans, assuming those loans would be available, will increase our liabilities and future cash commitments.
If we are unable to obtain financing in the amounts and on terms deemed acceptable to us, we may be unable to continue our business and as a result may be required to scale back or cease operations for our business, the result of which would be that our stockholders would lose some or all of their investment.
A decline in the price of our common stock could affect our ability to raise further working capital and adversely impact our operations.
A prolonged decline in the price of our common stock could result in a reduction in the liquidity of our common stock and a reduction in our ability to raise capital. Because our operations have been primarily financed through the sale of equity securities, a decline in the price of our common stock could be especially detrimental to our liquidity and our continued operations. Any reduction in our ability to raise equity capital in the future would force us to reallocate funds from other planned uses and would have a significant negative effect on our business plans and operations, including our ability to develop new products and continue our current operations. If our stock price declines, we may not be able to raise additional capital or generate funds from operations sufficient to meet our obligations.
We have a history of losses and fluctuating operating results.
From inception through to January 31, 2009, we have incurred aggregate losses of approximately $2,781,216. Our loss from operations for the three-month period ended January 31, 2009 was $162,859. There is no assurance that we will operate profitably or will generate positive cash flow in the future. In addition, our operating results in the future may be subject to significant fluctuations due to many factors not within our control, such as the unpredictability of world prices and market for oil and gas, the demand for our production, and the level of competition and general economic conditions. If we cannot generate positive cash flows in the future, or raise sufficient financing to continue our normal operations, then we may be forced to scale down or even close our operations. Until such time as we generate significant revenues, we expect an increase in development costs and operating costs. Consequently, we expect to continue to incur operating losses and negative cash flow until we receive significant commercial production from our properties.
We have a limited operating history and if we are not successful in continuing to grow our business, then we may have to scale back or even cease our ongoing business operations.
We have limited history of revenues from operations and have limited significant tangible assets. We have yet to generate positive earnings and there can be no assurance that we will ever operate profitably. The success of our company is significantly dependent on a successful acquisition, drilling, completion and production program. Our companys operations will be subject to all the risks inherent in the establishment of a developing enterprise and the uncertainties arising from the absence of a significant operating history. We may be unable to locate recoverable reserves, extract the reserves economically, and/or operate on a profitable basis.
Trading of our stock may be restricted by the SEC's "Penny Stock" regulations, which may limit a stockholder's ability to buy and sell our stock.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted regulations which generally define "penny stock" to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined) less than $5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. Our securities are covered by the penny stock rules, which impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell to persons other than established customers and "accredited investors." The term "accredited investor" refers generally to institutions with assets in excess of $5,000,000 or individuals with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000 or
$300,000 jointly with their spouse. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document in a form prepared by the SEC, which provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer's account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information, must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to effecting the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customer's confirmation. In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from these rules, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser's written agreement to the transaction. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market for the stock that is subject to these penny stock rules. Consequently, these penny stock rules may affect the ability of broker-dealers to trade our securities. We believe that the penny stock rules discourage investor interest in and limit the marketability of, our common stock.
The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, or FINRA, has adopted sales practice requirements which may also limit a stockholder's ability to buy and sell our stock.
In addition to the "penny stock" rules described above, FINRA has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer's financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.
Trading in our common shares on the OTC Bulletin Board is limited and sporadic making it difficult for our shareholders to sell their shares or liquidate their investments.
Our common shares are currently listed for public trading on the OTC Bulletin Board. The trading price of our common shares has been subject to wide fluctuations. Trading prices of our common shares may fluctuate in response to a number of factors, many of which will be beyond our control. The stock market has generally experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of companies with no current business operation. There can be no assurance that trading prices and price earnings ratios previously experienced by our common shares will be matched or maintained. These broad market and industry factors may adversely affect the market price of our common shares, regardless of our operating performance.
In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company's securities, securities class-action litigation has often been instituted. Such litigation, if instituted, could result in substantial costs for us and a diversion of management's attention and resources.
Because of the early stage of development and the nature of our business, our securities are considered highly speculative.
Our securities must be considered highly speculative, generally because of the nature of our business and the early stage of its development. We have largely been engaged in the business of exploring and until only recently attempting to develop commercial reserves of oil and gas. Only our Mississippi properties have commenced production. Accordingly, we have generated revenues but we have not realized a profit from our operations to date and there is little likelihood that we will generate significant revenues or realize any profits in the short term. Any profitability in the future from our business will be dependent upon attaining adequate levels of internally generated revenues through locating and developing economic reserves of oil and gas, which itself is subject to numerous risk factors as set forth herein. Since we have not generated significant revenues, we will have to raise additional monies
through either securing industry reserve based debt financing, or the sale of our equity securities or debt, or combinations of the above in order to continue our business operations.
As our properties are in the exploration and early development stage there can be no assurance that we will establish commercial discoveries and/or profitable production programs on these properties.
Exploration for economic reserves of oil and gas is subject to a number of risk factors. Few properties that are explored are ultimately developed into producing oil and/or gas wells. Our Mississippi properties are in the production and development stages only.
The potential profitability of oil and gas ventures depends upon factors beyond the control of our company.
The potential profitability of oil and gas properties is dependent upon many factors beyond our control. For instance, world prices and markets for oil and gas are unpredictable, highly volatile, potentially subject to governmental fixing, pegging, controls, or any combination of these and other factors, and respond to changes in domestic, international, political, social, and economic environments. Additionally, due to worldwide economic uncertainty, the availability and cost of funds for production and other expenses have become increasingly difficult, if not impossible, to project. These changes and events may materially affect our financial performance.
Adverse weather conditions can also hinder drilling operations. A productive well may become uneconomic in the event water or other deleterious substances are encountered which impair or prevent the production of oil and/or gas from the well. In addition, production from any well may be unmarketable if it is impregnated with water or other deleterious substances. The marketability of oil and gas, which may be acquired or discovered, will be affected by numerous factors beyond our control. These factors include the proximity and capacity of oil and gas pipelines and processing equipment, market fluctuations of prices, taxes, royalties, land tenure, allowable production and environmental protection. These factors cannot be accurately predicted and the combination of these factors may result in our company not receiving an adequate return on invested capital.
Competition in the oil and gas industry is highly competitive and there is no assurance that we will be successful in acquiring the leases.
The oil and gas industry is intensely competitive. We compete with numerous individuals and companies, including many major oil and gas companies, which have substantially greater technical, financial and operational resources and staff. Accordingly, there is a high degree of competition for desirable oil and gas leases, suitable properties for drilling operations and necessary drilling equipment, as well as for access to funds. We cannot predict if the necessary funds can be raised or that any projected work will be completed. Our budget does not anticipate the potential acquisition of additional acreage in Mississippi although this may change at any time without notice. This acreage may not become available or if it is available for leasing, that we may not be successful in acquiring the leases. There are other competitors that have operations in these areas and the presence of these competitors could adversely affect our ability to acquire additional leases.
The marketability of natural resources will be affected by numerous factors beyond our control, which may result in us not receiving an adequate return on invested capital to be profitable or viable.
The marketability of natural resources, which may be acquired or discovered by us, will be affected by numerous factors beyond our control. These factors include market fluctuations in oil and gas pricing and demand, the proximity and capacity of natural resource markets and processing equipment, governmental regulations, land tenure, land use, regulation concerning the importing and exporting of oil and gas and environmental protection regulations. The exact effect of these factors cannot be accurately predicted, but the combination of these factors may result in us not receiving an adequate return on invested capital to be profitable or viable.
Oil and gas operations are subject to comprehensive regulation, which may cause substantial delays or require capital outlays in excess of those anticipated causing an adverse effect on our company.
Oil and gas operations are subject to federal, state, and local laws relating to the protection of the environment, including laws regulating removal of natural resources from the ground and the discharge of materials into the environment. Oil and gas operations are also subject to federal, state, and local laws and regulations, which seek to maintain health and safety standards by regulating the design and use of drilling methods and equipment. Various permits from government bodies are required for drilling operations to be conducted; no assurance can be given that such permits will be received. Environmental standards imposed by federal, provincial, or local authorities may be changed and any such changes may have material adverse effects on our activities. Moreover, compliance with such laws may cause substantial delays or require capital outlays in excess of those anticipated, thus causing an adverse effect on us. Additionally, we may be subject to liability for pollution or other environmental damages, which it may elect not to insure against due to prohibitive premium costs and other reasons. To date we have not been required to spend any material amount on compliance with environmental regulations. However, we may be required to do so in future and this may affect our ability to expand or maintain our operations.
Exploration and production activities are subject to certain environmental regulations, which may prevent or delay the commencement or continuance of our operations.
In general, our exploration and production activities are subject to certain federal, state and local laws and regulations relating to environmental quality and pollution control. Such laws and regulations increase the costs of these activities and may prevent or delay the commencement or continuance of a given operation. Compliance with these laws and regulations has not had a material effect on our operations or financial condition to date. Specifically, we are subject to legislation regarding emissions into the environment, water discharges and storage and disposition of hazardous wastes. In addition, legislation has been enacted which requires well and facility sites to be abandoned and reclaimed to the satisfaction of state authorities. However, such laws and regulations are frequently changed and we are unable to predict the ultimate cost of compliance. Generally, environmental requirements do not appear to affect us any differently or to any greater or lesser extent than other companies in the industry.
We believe that our operations comply, in all material respects, with all applicable environmental regulations.
Our operating partners maintain insurance coverage customary to the industry; however, we are not fully insured against all possible environmental risks.
Exploratory and development drilling involves many risks and we may become liable for pollution or other liabilities, which may have an adverse effect on our financial position.
Drilling operations generally involve a high degree of risk. Hazards such as unusual or unexpected geological formations, power outages, labor disruptions, blow-outs, sour gas leakage, fire, inability to obtain suitable or adequate machinery, equipment or labour, and other risks are involved. We may become subject to liability for pollution or hazards against which it cannot adequately insure or which it may elect not to insure. Incurring any such liability may have a material adverse effect on our financial position and operations.
Any change to government regulation/administrative practices may have a negative impact on our ability to operate and our profitability.
The laws, regulations, policies or current administrative practices of any government body, organization or regulatory agency in the United States, Canada, or any other jurisdiction, may be changed, applied or interpreted in a manner which will fundamentally alter the ability of our company to carry on our business.
The actions, policies or regulations, or changes thereto, of any government body or regulatory agency, or other special interest groups, may have a detrimental effect on us. Any or all of these situations may have a negative impact on our ability to operate and/or our profitably.
Our By-laws contain provisions indemnifying our officers and directors against all costs, charges and expenses incurred by them.
Our By-laws contain provisions with respect to the indemnification of our officers and directors against all costs, charges and expenses, including an amount paid to settle an action or satisfy a judgment, actually and reasonably incurred by him, including an amount paid to settle an action or satisfy a judgment in a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding to which he is made a party by reason of his being or having been one of our directors or officers.
Investors' interests in our company will be diluted and investors may suffer dilution in their net book value per share if we issue additional shares or raise funds through the sale of equity securities.
Our constating documents authorize the issuance of 75,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001. In the event that we are required to issue any additional shares or enter into private placements to raise financing through the sale of equity securities, investors' interests in our company will be diluted and investors may suffer dilution in their net book value per share depending on the price at which such securities are sold. If we issue any such additional shares, such issuances also will cause a reduction in the proportionate ownership and voting power of all other shareholders. Further, any such issuance may result in a change in our control.
Our By-laws do not contain anti-takeover provisions, which could result in a change of our management and directors if there is a take-over of our company.
We do not currently have a shareholder rights plan or any anti-takeover provisions in our By-laws. Without any anti-takeover provisions, there is no deterrent for a take-over of our company, which may result in a change in our management and directors.
As a result of a majority of our directors and officers are residents of other countries other than the United States, investors may find it difficult to enforce, within the United States, any judgments obtained against our company or our directors and officers.
Other than our operations offices in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia, we do not currently maintain a permanent place of business within the United States. In addition, a majority of our directors and officers are nationals and/or residents of countries other than the United States, and all or a substantial portion of such persons' assets are located outside the United States. As a result, it may be difficult for investors to enforce within the United States any judgments obtained against our company or our officers or directors, including judgments predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any state thereof.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Submission of Matters to a Vote of Securities Holders
Due to the implementation of British Columbia Instrument 51-509 on September 30, 2008 by the British Columbia Securities Commission, we have been deemed to be a British Columbia based reporting issuer. As such, we are required to file certain information and documents at www.sedar.com.
(i) Articles of Incorporation; and (ii) Bylaws
Articles of Incorporation
Specimen ordinary share certificate
*Incorporated by reference to same exhibit filed with the Company's Registration Statement on Form SB-2 dated January 10, 2006.
* Filed herewith.
**Certain parts of this document have not been disclosed and have been filed separately with the Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, and is subject to a confidential treatment request pursuant to Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
/s/ " Chris Bunka "
President, Chief Executive Officer, Chairman and Director
/s/ "Leonard McMillan"